Dambulla Cave Temple (Golden Temple of Dambulla).
Watch and share the 360-degree virtual reality tour of the Dambulla Cave Temple also known as the Golden Temple of Dambulla.
Dambulla Cave Temple, also known as the Golden Temple of Dambulla is a UNESCO World Heritage Site in Sri Lanka, situated in the central part of the country. It is the largest and best-preserved cave temple complex in Sri Lanka. The rock towers 160 m over the surrounding plains. There are more than 80 documented caves in the surrounding area.
Major attractions are five caves, which contain statues and paintings. These paintings and statues are related to Gautama Buddha and his life. There are a total of 153 Buddha statues, three statues of Sri Lankan kings, and four statues of gods and goddesses. The latter include Vishnu and the Ganesha. The murals cover an area of 2,100 square meters (23,000 sq ft). Depictions on the walls of the caves include the temptation by the demon Mara, and Buddha’s first sermon.
Prehistoric Sri Lankans would have lived in these cave complexes before the arrival of Buddhism in Sri Lanka as there are burial sites with human skeletons about 2700 years old in this area, at Ibbankatuwa near the Dambulla cave complexes.
The five caves
The temple composed of five caves, which have been converted into shrine rooms. The caves, built at the base of a 150m high rock during the Anuradhapura (1st century BC to 993 AD) and Polonnaruwa times (1073 to 1250), are by far the most impressive of the many cave temples found in Sri Lanka. Access is along the gentle slope of the Dambulla Rock, offering a panoramic view of the surrounding flatlands, which includes the rock fortress Sigiriya, 19 km away. Dusk brings hundreds of swooping swallows to the cave entrance.
Watch all the UNESCO heritage sites of Sri Lanka on a 360-degree virtual reality tour
- Ancient City of Polonnaruwa
- Ancient City of Sigiriya
- Galle and its Fortifications
- Dambulla Cave Temple
- Sacred City of Anuradhapura
- Sacred City of Kandy